Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. The Dwarf Sugar Palm is the quintessential tropical landscape palm, and is popular as such in many cultivated gardens. http://itp.lucidcentral.org/id/palms/palm-id/Arenga_engleri.htm, https://palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Arenga_engleri&oldid=172197, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Whereas, A. engleri fruits are often hidden in amongst the leaves, and almost never visible from above. It is one of the more sought after ornamental palms for the garden. This dwarf palm is a very pretty, small, clustering, very tropical looking palm from Taiwan with long, narrow leaflets that have silver backs. Location. 2008. The full-sized sugar palm, or Arenga pinnata, may reach heights of up to 60 feet (18 m). The Formosan Sugar Palm is the most cold tolerant of the genus. Editing by edric. The Formosa palm responds exceptionally well to applications of fertilizer and can grow reasonably quickly to a magnificent landscape subject. Some enthusiasts also report excellent success with Formosa palms in sunny, sheltered gardens. The growth rate of Arenga Engleri will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors. The palm is native to Taiwan as well as Japan's Ryukyu Islands. Spiky flower stalks are born in Spring and have a delicate fragrance. The Formosa palm, Arenga engleri, is native to islands south of Japan, including Taiwan (Formosa) and the Ryukyu Islands. Arenga engleri fruit (left) and Arenga pinnata fruit on the ground (right). Arenga saccharifera is an economically important feather palm native to tropical Asia, from eastern India east to Malaysia, Indonesia Arenga wightii is a species of flowering plant in the family Arecaceae. The small size of the Formosa palm lends easily to being planted under a grove of trees or other protection. Very easy to propagate from seed. Baker, M.M. In addition to the Caryota obtusa (they planted over 200 of these) which I posted in a separate post, they planted some other nice palms and most aren't the common specimens found here. Fruit on a stem of Arenga engleri: When this Corypha elata flowers, it will soon decline and perish. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. I have only grown the Arenga engleri species. In ground 2007. The fruit of the palm is known to cause a severe allergic reaction. Feather-like leaves are glossy and protrude from the woolly trunk. The variegation is better appreciated from this angle. Description: Arenga engleri is small-growing clump-forming palm with distinctive fish-tail shaped ends to its leaves and is extremely attractive. Fruit is both caustic, and poisonous. They have also added "fake" alien plants and the blend is seamless. Mature and established plants can tolerate temperatures down to about 15- 25ºF (-9.4 - -3.9ºC)for short periods. "Last week I got an early morning tour of the landscape at Disney's Animal Kingdom. Taiwan Dwarf Sugar Palm Tree (arenga engleri) This amazing palm is a medium sized clustering tree with mature trunks of up to 12 feet in height and amazingly thick clumps that spread up to 15 feet wide. Uhl, C.B. Seeds have a wide range of germination times; some seeds may germinate very quickly, while others may take two years to sprout! Note:The sugar comes from the palm heart, not the colorful non-edible fruit. Male flowers are on separate stalks, about 1 cm long, the petals bulgiing out along valvate sides. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Each globular fruit is less than 1 in (2.5 cm) in diameter and contains one to three seeds. Culture, In its native environment, the Formosa palm enjoys moist soil and is tolerant of poor soils that have good drainage. Arenga engleri is a small, multi-stemmed, evergreen palm, forming a clump up to 3 metres tall and 5 metres wide [ 314 Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia. They have done a spectacular job with the landscaping using many, many unusual and odd plants. The plant rarely grows more than 10 ft. tall, with a stem diameter of 6in. Uses. Bird's eye view of a variegated Arenga. The Formosa palm thrives in rich, humusy and slightly acidic soils. The Formosa palm has long graceful triangular fishtail-shaped (pinnate) leaves up to eight feet long. Tolerates filtered light or sun in most areas. Flowers and fruits: Inflorescences are about 0.5 m long with many pendant branches. Dark red ripening fruits follow and adhere well to the stalk, remaining on the palm for several weeks. The round, purple fruit of Arenga palms may be 1 to one and 1.5 inches (2.5 to 4 cm) in size. The red, orange or green flowers have a sweet fragrance and produce red to deep purple fruits. But alas, it is monocarpic so the flowering stalk dies after setting seed. Grow to 10m high. Smaller Formosa palms need protection from excess sun. Almost always there is some type of protective coating around the seed. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Light: The Formosa palm does well in semi-shade lighting. The Formosa palm is considered extraordinarily adaptable and easy to cultivate. A short to medium sized palm growing to 6-10ft, with a spread of up to 10-15ft. Each globular fruit is less than 1 in (2.5 cm) in diameter and contains one to three seeds. Moisture: Formosa palm thrives in rich soils that are thoroughly moist and have excellent drainage. Seeds for sale starting at € 6.40. Description. Arengas are multi-trunk, clustering palms with an unusual growth habit - short and wide-spreading - that makes them a great alternative to a shrub hedge. This is in the new 14 acre Pandora section. It is based on the Avatar movie. Origin of Arenga engleri. Arenga engleri, or the Formosa palm, Taiwan sugar palm, dwarf sugar palm, or Taiwan arenga palm, is a species of flowering plant in the family Arecaceae. Photo by Leu Gardens botanist Eric S. 2015. This palm can cause severe allergic reactions so best to consider wearing gloves when handling seed or fruit. The spike like flower stalks are borne among the leaves and have both male and female flowers, so a single Formosa palm can produce fertile seeds by itself. Arenga engleri. Arenga engleri “ Formosa palm” is a small palm that is native to the Islands south of Japan and Northern Taiwan where you will find growing on the slopes in dense forests.. They are small to medium - sized palms, growing Arenga pinnata syn. Sap. Close up of the terminal leaflet of a variegated specimen. Arenga is a genus of palms, native to Southeast Asia, southern China, New Guinea, and northern Australia. The species name, engleri honors H.G.A. The stems are cloaked with delicate black fibers. Will grow in shade and needs moderate water. The leaflets are irregular and tropical appearing. Formosa palm seeds are considered to have maximum viability for germination if they are planted no more than 4-6 weeks after the fruit has become ripe. The detail of this park is just incredible. It is diecious, producing both male and female flowers, though it also reproduces through clumping offsets. The dwarf sugar palm or Arenga engleri, a smaller palm often grown ornamentally, typically reaches heights of no more than 10 feet (3.1 m). Common in cultivation, and common in the wild. Feather-like leaves are glossy and protrude from the woolly trunk. Orlando, FL. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Synonym, common name of Arenga engleri. The Formosa palm-is a small clump-forming palm with distinctive fish-tail shaped ends to its leaves and is extremely attractive. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PALM SEEDS AND PALM TREE FRUIT In nature, trees produce seeds for propagation of the species. Arenga engleri. The fruit of the palm is known to cause a severe allergic reaction. Propagation: The Formosa palm is propagated from seeds. Because of its sharp spherical leaves makes a common protective nest for wildlife. Be careful; the fruit of this palm can cause severe allergic reactions in the skin. Arenga engleriCommon Name: Dwarf Sugar PalmOrigin: TaiwanHeight: Up to 10’Light: Partial to full sunWater: Water regularlyBloom: Small, yellow, in clustersComments: An attractive ornamental palm, popular for its fishtail leaves, compact growing habit and pretty fruit stalks. Arenga engleri, the Formosa palm, radiates a tropical beauty and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. Right Arenga engleri fruits. Fruit is globose, smooth, thin-skinned, scanty pulp, dark red when ripe, and usually two-seeded. Arenga engleri is considered one of best landscape palms because of its olive green to grey foliage and lush tropical appearance. Flowering stems will die. In cultivation it is often confused with Arenga trernula from the Philippines. The dark olive-green leaves often twist gracefully, giving them a slight spiraling appearance. Arenga engleri, the Formosa palm, radiates a tropical beauty and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. Native to woody subtropical areas.It is a clustered, monocarpic palm (the trunks die after coming to fruition), with dentate leaflets which have whitish undersides.It grows at a moderate rate and prefers sunny or semi shaded spots. Arenga engleri, or the Formosa palm, Taiwan sugar palm, dwarf sugar palm, or Taiwan arenga palm, is a species of flowering plant in the family Arecaceae. Left: Arenga ryukyuensis fruits. This attractive clustering palm rarely grows more than 10 ft (3.1 m) tall with a stem diameter of 6 in (15.2 cm) and a spread up to 16 ft (4.9 m). The plant rarely grows more than 10 ft. tall, with a stem diameter of 6in. Propagation also can be accomplished by division and removal of suckers but these may be slow to establish. Harley & C.E. For best results, the soil should be kept uniformly moist, not wet, and should have excellent drainage. The generic name, Arenga, is the Latin form of the Javanese or Malay name for a palm of this genus. and a spread of 16 ft. The sap is ... Fruit. [1], http://mobile.floridata.com/Plants/Arecacea/Arenga%20engleri/132, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arenga_engleri&oldid=913459284, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 September 2019, at 05:33. The flowers have a very pleasant fragrance. The Formosa palm is not drought tolerant. Arenga Arenga is a genus of palms, native to Southeast Asia, southern China, New Guinea, and northern Australia. The Japanese islands of Ryukyu; Taiwan. Seed bank can be viable up to two years. Arenga engleri Information A clump-forming, smallish, water-loving, moderately slow growing, monoecious, forest understorey palm with a hapaxanthic or monocarpic mode of growth where the plant dies after setting seed. This attractive clumping palm rarely grows more than 10 ft (3.1 m) tall with a stem diameter of 6 in (15.2 cm) and a spread up to 16 ft (4.9 m). August 1987 inside the castle of Nakagusuku, Nakagusuku, Okinawa Prefecture Japan, photo by Jens Rickmeyer. Short (to 10ft), hardy palm that can survive to 22-25F. Arenga engleri, the Formosa palm, radiates a tropical beauty and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. Hardiness of Arenga engleri-5 to -7°C. This page was last modified 11:02, 17 November 2019 by. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. The Arenga engleri creates a tropical beauty and is considered to be amongst the finest landscape and cultivated palms. Even walking on this fruit with bare feet can result in a toxic dermatitis Its recommended to wear gloves. © Phil Markey This Formosa palm in in bloom, it's fragrant flowers are at the center of the photo with stalks of ripening fruits just below. The Screw Palm bears a large, pineapple-like cluster of fruit that turn orange-red when ripe. 250mm pot – $115 The palm is native to Taiwan as well as Japan's Ryukyu Islands. It has long triangular fishtail-shaped leaves that are dark olive in colour. Photo by H.P. The stems are cloaked with delicate black fibers. An attractive, suckering pinnate palm with heights to about 10 to 12 feet with very fragrant blossoms. It thrives in moist soil with good drainage and has a low salt tolerance. Description of Arenga engleri. Wear gloves when handling fresh fruit or seeds. Caryotas and Arenga species have oxylates in the fleshy coating surrounding their seeds that not only are toxic, but can cause physical pain if handled carelessly, as the oxylates cause a stinging sensation. Common Name: Dwarf Sugar Palm Origin: Taiwan Height: Up to 10’ Light: Partial to full sun Water: Water regularly. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Leaves are very long, ornamental, with a fishtail shape and grow up to 8ft long. The A. engleri is native to islands south of Japan, including Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands. The fruits can cause a mild allergic reaction to the skin, so care should be taken when handling fruits and even seeds. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S. Pomano Beach, FL. Flowers are aromatic and followed by bright yellow fruits which ripen to a bright red. Makes a dense clump up to 5 m wide and is considered to be among the finest landscape and cultivated palms. Engler, the famous German botanist who collected widely in the tropics. H.P. Blossoms are fragrant. Hardiness: USDA Zones 8B - 11. Flowers are yellow to orange, fragrant, with staminate and pistillate flowers on the same inflorescence. These are small but very healthy starter palms with well established root systems. Kyle Wicomb's palms at McCarty Hall, the University of Florida in Gainesville, FL. This clustering palm rarly grows more than 3.1m tall and a 5m spread. Formosa palm, Arenga saccharifera. It may come as a surprise, but it also does well in a pot indoors. Formosa palm is not tolerant of salt, salt spray or high winds. A. ryukyuensis ripens from green through yellow to orange then dark red. Arenga engleri/Arenga tremula The attractive, out-of-the-ordinary arenga palm is one of the most unique and under-used palm trees in Florida. Lewis. 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